this is my first post so go easy on me! lol
after a few mr. beer batches, I dove head first into all grain brewing! just my style, sure it might be premature but lets move past that and get on to the fun stuff.
for the last 3 weeks ive been pouring countless hours into researching, designing and building a 10 gallon all grain “brewery.” now i am at the fermenting stages and i have some questions.
i understand secondary fermentation is not necessarily required for most home brews. that being said i plan to primary ferment in buckets with lids, and blow off tubes. after 2-3 days it seems that no matter what i will be moving into secondary fermenting, which i guess is where i am confused. if i don’t change containers am i still in primary fermenting? do i still need to move into new containers? my buckets have valves on the sides near the bottom, i assume i will have to siphon rather than use these since there will be some sludge on the bottom of the container?
can these second containers just be fitted with air locks rather than blow off valves? should the second, and for that case primary fermenters, be shot with c02 before filling in order to reduce contact with air?
if i am fermenting in buckets will i get enough aeration just stirring or should i look into an aeration system of some type?
i plan on kegging my beer, coming out of the secondary fermentors, should i siphon? will there be more settling out i need to avoid?
there seems to be so much information on brewing all the way up to chilling wort and then it goes haywire, or maybe its just not clicking for me, but i def need some help! Thanks in advance!